What you should know about coronavirus
The new coronavirus 2019 (SARS-CoV-2) was found initially in Wuhan of China in December 2019 and has dispersed in more than 175 countries around the world. The virus causes the disease COVID-19 and is a new variant of coronavirus that until now had not infected humans.
What are the symptoms?
The common symptoms of COVID-19 infection include cough, respiratory problems, fever and shortness of breath. Body aches may appear as well as runny nose, sore throat, nasal congestion or diarrhea.
Groups of people with lower immunity, higher blood pressure, cardiovascular, chronic pulmonatory or kidney diseases, diabetes or pregnant women may show more serious symptoms and are in greater danger if infected by the virus.
How is the virus transmitted?
The virus is transmitted from human to human and it is considered to take place mainly by respiratory droplets from sneezing, coughing or by close personal contact, like touching or handshakes.
The virus can also be transmitted by touching the mouth, the nose or the eyes, after contacting an infected surface or an object.
When should someone be checked for COVID-19?
If anything of the following should happen, immediate communication with NPHO (210.52.12.054) is recommended. Do not attempt to visit a health care center without first informing NPHO.
Acute respiratory infection: sudden start of the disease, whith one of the following symptoms: fever, cough, shortness of breath, with or without the need of hospitalization and one of the following epidemiologic criteria, within the last 14 days before the beginning of the symptoms:
Close contact with a suspected or confirmed case of infection from the new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 or
Previous visit in affected from SARS-CoV-2 areas based on the current epidemiologic data.
Every suspect case should be submitted IMMEDIATELY in laboratory check for the virus SARS-CoV-2.
Basic protection measures for the virus
- Wash your hands frequently and for at least 20 seconds.
- Avoid the close contact with your eyes, nose and mouth.
- If you have fever, cough and shortness of breath, ask for medical care.
- Avoid contacting people that show symptoms like cough or sneeze, especially if you are part of the vulnerable groups.
Protection measures for people who has traveled recently in affected areas:
- Stay in your home if you start feeling sick, even with mild symptoms, until recovering.
- If you show fever, cough and shortness of breath, ask immediately for medical advice.